Using the Spotify API with Next.js

LR

Lee Robinson / July 21, 2020

4 min read––– views

One of my favorite parts of my website is my dashboard. It's a fun, unique way for me to showcase various metrics about my life. It's also a playground for experimenting with new technology and APIs. It currently has integrations with YouTube, Unsplash, Firebase, Buttondown, GitHub, Gumroad, and now Spotify!

I wanted to display what song I'm currently listening to, as well as my top tracks. To accomplish this, I'd need to integrate Spotify's API with Next.js API routes. This post will be a quick tutorial to get up and running with Spotify.

Create an Application#

First, we need to create a Spotify application to give us credentials to authenticate with the API.

  • Go to your Spotify Developer Dashboard and log in.
  • Click Create an App.
  • Fill out the name and description and click create.
  • Click Show Client Secret.
  • Save your Client ID and Secret. You'll need these soon.
  • Click Edit Settings.
  • Add http://localhost:3000 as a redirect URI.

All done! You now have a properly configured Spotify application and the correct credentials to make requests.

Authentication#

There are a variety of ways to authenticate with the Spotify API, depending on your application. Since we only need permission granted once, we'll use the Authorization Code Flow.

First, we'll have our application request authorization by logging in with whatever scopes we need. Here's an example of what the URL might look like. Swap out the client_id and scopes for your own.

https://accounts.spotify.com/authorize?client_id=8e94bde7dd
b84a1f7a0e51bf3bc95be8&response_type=code&redirect_uri=http
%3A%2F%2Flocalhost:3000&scope=user-read-currently-playing%20
user-top-read

After authorizing, you'll be redirected back to your redirect_uri. In the URL, there's a code query parameter. Save this value.

http://localhost:3000/callback?code=NApCCg..BkWtQ

Next, we'll need to retrieve the refresh token. You'll need to generate a Base 64 encoded string containing the client ID and secret from earlier. You can use this tool to encode it online. The format should be client_id:client_secret.

curl -H "Authorization: Basic <base64 encoded client_id:client_secret>"
-d grant_type=authorization_code -d code=<code> -d redirect_uri=http%3A
%2F%2Flocalhost:3000 https://accounts.spotify.com/api/token

This will return a JSON response containing a refresh_token. This token is valid indefinitely unless you revoke access, so we'll want to save this in an environment variable.

Using Spotify's API#

Finally, we can get some real data! Inside Next.js, create three new values in your .env.local file.

SPOTIFY_CLIENT_ID=
SPOTIFY_CLIENT_SECRET=
SPOTIFY_REFRESH_TOKEN=

Note: If you haven't worked with environment variables in Next before, give this a read first.

We can now request an access token using our client ID, client secret, and refresh_token.

lib/spotify.js
import querystring from 'querystring';

const {
  SPOTIFY_CLIENT_ID: client_id,
  SPOTIFY_CLIENT_SECRET: client_secret,
  SPOTIFY_REFRESH_TOKEN: refresh_token
} = process.env;

const basic = Buffer.from(`${client_id}:${client_secret}`).toString('base64');
const TOKEN_ENDPOINT = `https://accounts.spotify.com/api/token`;

const getAccessToken = async () => {
  const response = await fetch(TOKEN_ENDPOINT, {
    method: 'POST',
    headers: {
      Authorization: `Basic ${basic}`,
      'Content-Type': 'application/x-www-form-urlencoded'
    },
    body: querystring.stringify({
      grant_type: 'refresh_token',
      refresh_token
    })
  });

  return response.json();
};

Use this access_token to securely request your top tracks. This assumes you added the user-top-read scope at the beginning.

lib/spotify.js
const TOP_TRACKS_ENDPOINT = `https://api.spotify.com/v1/me/top/tracks`;

export const getTopTracks = async () => {
  const { access_token } = await getAccessToken();

  return fetch(TOP_TRACKS_ENDPOINT, {
    headers: {
      Authorization: `Bearer ${access_token}`
    }
  });
};

Creating an API Route#

Let's test our communication with Spotify. First, create a new file at pages/api/top-tracks.js. Then, import the new function getTopTracks.

pages/api/top-tracks.js
import { getTopTracks } from '../../lib/spotify';

export default async (_, res) => {
  const response = await getTopTracks();
  const { items } = await response.json();

  const tracks = items.slice(0, 10).map((track) => ({
    artist: track.artists.map((_artist) => _artist.name).join(', '),
    songUrl: track.external_urls.spotify,
    title: track.name
  }));

  return res.status(200).json({ tracks });
};

This will return the first ten top tracks, formatted to remove unnecessary information. Feel free to modify this as you see fit. If everything worked correctly, you should see some data like this after running next dev.

// https://leerob.io/api/top-tracks

{
  "tracks": [
    {
      "artist": "Jamie xx",
      "songUrl": "https://open.spotify.com/track/77Ezu3tBE7gmzQ4mRnZZUf",
      "title": "The Rest Is Noise"
    },
    {
      "artist": "Surfaces",
      "songUrl": "https://open.spotify.com/track/0NjSiGW8b5HYFfjdCbZzbg",
      "title": "Horizons"
    }
  ]
}

Example#

Here are my top tracks, also shown on my dashboard. You can view the source code here.

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